Yardi-Rabe Supse Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. Although the Sanctuary has been notified, the rights of the community have not yet been settled fully and there may be some alteration in area also at the time of finalisation. This is basically a data deficient site but extremely important because it has some globally threatened avian species.
This sanctuary was declared in 1996 but the sanctuary boundary was notified in June 2007. However, the rights of the local community are yet to be settled which may eventually alter the boundary of the sanctuary. The sanctuary is administered by the Divisional Forest Officer, Aalo Forest Division.
In order to provide an additional safety zone around the National Park, the Ministry brought out a draft Notification dated 19.02.2016 for declaring an eco-sensitive zone of 27 square kilometres with an extent upto 1 kilometre (North-West) and 500 meter (South-West) around the protected area. There are no villages inside the eco-sensitive zone.
Location and Geography
Yordi Rabe Supse Wildlife Sanctuary located in West Siang District in the State of Arunachal Pradesh is part of Eastern Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot encompassing about 397 sq kms. The broad forest type of the area are tropical and semi evergreen, sub-tropical broad leaved forest and sub temperate broad- leaved forest.
The area is entirely montane with hills and deep gorges. The vegetation ranges from subtropical to temperate forests. A large part of this WLS is remote and inaccessible.
The area is reported to have good species richness, floral and faunal diversity, while animal census is yet to be carried out inside the sanctuary area.
The major tree species includes Terminalia myriocarpa, Altingia excelsa, Amoora wallichii, Ailanthus grandis, Cinnamomum Spp. Magnolia spp., Canarium resiniferum, Terminalia bellerica, T. chebula, Bambax ceiba, Sterculia villosa, Castanopsis indicam, Bischofia javanica, Albizzia lucida, Syzygium cuminii, Mesua ferrea, Dillenia indica, Kydia calycina, Phoebe goalparensis, Artocarpus chaplasa.
Important Bamboo species include Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Bambusa pallid, Pseudostrachyum polymorphum.
Cane species include Calamus floribundus, C. flagellum.
Palm species include Toko Palm (Livistonia jenkensii).
These forests are equally rich with varied animal life. Some of the major mammalian species include Elephus maximus, Panthera tigris, Panthera pardus, Neofelis nebulosa, Ursus thibetanus, Macaca assamensis, Trachypithecus pileatus, Cervus unicolor, Muntiacus muntjak, Naemorhedus goral, N. sunmatraensis, Sus scrofa, Cuon alpines, etc.
The bird fauna largely comprise of Babblers, Eagles, Flycatchers, Junglefowl, Kingfishers, Laughingthrushs, Minvits, Nighters, Nuthatchs, etc and the herpeto fauna broadly comprise of frogs and reptiles such as lizards, snakes, Tortoises etc. The aquatic bodies harbours various fish species including Danio sp., Barilius
- MoEF – http://moef.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Final%2004.07.2016Minutes%20of%20ESZ%20meeting_0.pdf