Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the district of Lower Siang, is spread over an area of about 55 sq. km. The district HQ, Likabali, is towards it’s East.
Kane WLS was established in 1991 covering an area of 55.18 sq km and notified as a Sanctuary in 2007. The present area of the park is about 55 sq km. The sanctuary comes under the Wildlife Protection Act of the Indian government.
In order to provide an additional protective area around the sanctuary, a draft notification dated 03.09.2015 for declaring an eco-sensitive zone has been proposed for an area of 95.90 ha and extent of which varies from 50m in the eastern and southern side and 100m-500m in the northern side of the Kane Wildlife Sanctuary.
Location and Geography
Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Lower Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh between 27035’-27045’N & 94035’-94045’E. Spread over an area of 55km2, it is bounded by the Siri River on the north and northwest, along Likabali Road (15km) on the east, Nilakh Nallah (hill stream) on the south and Bardam Modi (hill range) on the south west.
The area falls in the Eastern Himalayan bio-geographical zone with montane evergreen tropical and subtropical forest vegetation . The Sanctuary is unique in having a wide range of surface elevation (200-2000 m), varied temperature fuctuations (5-38 C) at different altitudinal levels with relatively high humidity and excessive rainfall (> 3000 mm/year).
The biodiversity of Kane Wildlife Sanctuary is poorly known. The relatively large altitudinal range means that Kane has diverse habitats, including tropical evergreen forest, semi-evergreen forest and sub-tropical broadleaf hill forest. The understorey is mostly bamboo.
Only about 70 bird species have been reported from Kane, although the actual number is definitely higher. White-winged Wood Duck is likely to occur in the area as there are suitable pools within the sanctuary, and local people report the presence of Rufous-necked Hornbill.
Among mammals, tiger, elephant, black bear, gaur and wild dog have been reported. There is no information on the other faunal groups in the area, although diversity is expected to be comparable with other protected areas with similar habitats in Arunachal Pradesh.