Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the South-Eastern part of Lohit district and south of Anjaw district of Arunachal Pradesh. The name comes from the river Kamlang, which flows through the Sanctuary and joins the Brahmaputra.
It is the 50th Tiger reserve in India.
The Mishmi, Digaro Mishmi, and Miju Mishmi people, who reside around the periphery of the sanctuary, claim their descent from the King Rukmo of the epic Mahabharata. They believe in a myth of an invisible god known as Suto Phenkhenynon jamalu. An important body of water in the sanctuary is the Glow Lake. Located in tropical and sub-tropical climatic zones, the sanctuary is the habitat of the four big cat species of India: tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, and snow leopard.
Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary was established in the year 1989.
Location and Geography
The Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary is stretched in an area of 783 square kilometres and lies in between Lang River on the North side and the famous Namdapha National Park on its south.
The Sanctuary can be approached by Namsai Wakro road. Wakro is a small town and circle Headquarter under Namsai Sub-Division. It is about 70 km away from Namsai town.
The park has a number of bodies of water above an elevation of 600 metres (2,000 ft). These include the Glow Lake, at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), covering an area of 8 square kilometres (3.1 sq mi) and with a circumference of about 4–5 kilometres (2.5–3.1 mi); it is accessible only by trekking.
Another notable topographic feature within the park is the “Parshuram Kund” (‘kund’ means “pond”) which is a pilgrimage place.
The upper reaches of the park have Alpine vegetation, particularly on the Daphabum peak which borders the Namdapha National Park. The lower reaches (below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft)), including the foothills, have tropical wet evergreen forests.
150 tree species have been reported in the park. The main trees found in the park are Canarium resiniferum, Terminalia chebula, Gmelina arborea and Amoora wallichii.
A great variety of herbs, bamboos, grasses, and shrubs are also present, and 49 species of orchids have also been reported from the park.
The entire area of Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary could not be surveyed for its flora and fauna due to high and difficult terrain.
This Wildlife Sanctuary contains all four big cats (Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard and Snow Leopard). It also has the population of endangered spp. like Hollock gibbon, Slow lories, Leopard cat, Himalayan palm civets etc.
Faunal diversity in the park is somewhat similar to that found in the contiguous area of the Namdapha Tiger Reserve; there are 61 species of mammals, 105 bird species and 20 species of reptiles.
Of the fifteen species of primate found in India, six species are found in the park.